4 Scopus citations


Food allergy affects up to 6% of children and 3-4% of adults in Westernized countries, and is the most common cause of outpatient anaphylaxis in most studies. The mainstay of treatment is strict avoidance of the offending allergens and education regarding the use of emergency medication in cases of accidental ingestions or exposures. While these approaches are generally effective, there are no definitive treatments that cure or provide long-term remission from food allergy. However, with recent advances in characterizing food allergens and understanding humoral and cellular immune responses in food allergy, several therapeutic strategies are being investigated. Potential treatments include allergen-specific immunotherapy as well as allergen-nonspecific approaches to downregulate the overall allergic response in food-allergic individuals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-310
Number of pages10
JournalExpert Review of Clinical Immunology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2009


  • Anaphylaxis
  • Food allergen
  • Food allergy
  • Food hypersensitivity
  • Treatment


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