Immunohistochemical profile of ductal adenocarcinoma of the prostate

Amanda H. Seipel, Hemamali Samaratunga, Brett Delahunt, Fredrik Wiklund, Peter Wiklund, Johan Lindberg, Henrik Grönberg, Lars Egevad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ductal adenocarcinoma of the prostate (DAC) is considered to be an aggressive subtype of prostate cancer with greater risk of progression than acinar adenocarcinoma (AC). It has been debated whether DAC is a distinct subtype or a morphological variant of AC. Our aim was to examine the protein expression of DAC and to compare the results with AC. A tissue microarray was constructed from 60 DAC and 46 AC matched by Gleason score. The slides were stained for 28 immunomarkers (estrogen, progesterone and androgen receptor, prolactin, PSA, prostein, PSMA, PSAP, CDX2, lysozyme, villin, monoclonal CEA, CK7, CK20, HMWCK, p63, p504s, c-myc, EGFR, Ki-67, p16, p21, p27, p53, PTEN, ERG, PAX-2, and PAX-8). HMWCK was positive in 8.5 % of DAC, but negative in all cases of AC (p = 0.045). p16 was positive in 53.3 % of DAC and in 26.1 % of AC (p = 0.005). p53 was positive in 42.4 % of DAC and 26.7 % of AC (p = 0.031). A distinct patchy positivity of CK20 was seen in 23.7 % of DAC, and this pattern was also seen in 9.1 % of AC (p = 0.047). Villin was positive in 3.4 % of DAC while expression was negative in AC. Ki-67 labeling index was significantly higher in DAC than in AC (mean 9.2 % [95 % CI 6.4–12.0] and 2.6 % [1.9–3.4], p < 0.001). While there is some overlap in the immunohistochemical expression of DAC and AC, the differences between these two morphotypes of prostatic carcinoma are consistent with DAC having a more aggressive phenotype than AC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)559-565
Number of pages7
JournalVirchows Archiv
Volume465
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ductal cancer
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Pathology
  • Prostate cancer
  • Prostatectomy

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