Objectives: Patients treated with maraviroc frequently show high CD4+ T cell increases. The aim of this study was to detail the characteristics of maraviroc-induced immune recovery. Patients and methods: We studied T cell subsets from frozen peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients treated with raltegravir, etravirine and either maraviroc (REM, n = 24) or darunavir/ritonavir (RED, n = 17). Results: The two groups showed a similar decrease in activated CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. A greater loss of naive CD4+ T cells and a reduction in cells expressing CXCR4 were observed in REM patients, while RED patients showed a greater loss of cells expressing CCR5. Conclusions: Our findings do not support a role for reduction in activated T cell subsets to explain the greater maraviroc-induced immune recovery. Reduction in CXCR4+CD4+ and higher expression of CCR5+CD4+ T cells might represent a potential protection from non-R5 tropic viral strain overgrowth.
- Immune activation
- Naive T cells