By inhibition of JAK-STAT signaling, SOCS1 acts as a master regulator of the cytokine response across numerous tissue types and cytokine pathways. Haploinsufficiency of SOCS1 has recently emerged as a monogenic immunodysregulatory disease with marked clinical variability. Here, we describe a patient with severe dermatitis, recurrent skin infections, and psoriatic arthritis that harbors a novel heterozygous mutation in SOCS1. The variant, c.202_203delAC, generates a frameshift in SOCS1, p.Thr68fsAla*49, which leads to complete loss of protein expression. Unlike WT SOCS1, Thr68fs SOCS1 fails to inhibit JAK-STAT signaling when expressed in vitro. The peripheral immune signature from this patient was marked by a redistribution of monocyte sub-populations and hyper-responsiveness to multiple cytokines. Despite this broad hyper-response across multiple cytokine pathways in SOCS1 haploinsufficiency, the patient’s clinical disease was markedly responsive to targeted IL4Rα- and IL17-blocking therapy. In accordance, the mutant allele was unable to regulate IL4Rα signaling. Further, patient cells were unresponsive to IL4/IL13 while on monoclonal antibody therapy. Together, this study reports a novel SOCS1 mutation and suggests that IL4Rα blockade may serve as an unexpected, but fruitful therapeutic target for some patients with SOCS1 haploinsufficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Article number36
JournalJournal of Clinical Immunology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2024


  • Inborn errors of immunity
  • JAK-STAT signaling
  • SOCS1
  • autoimmunity
  • autoinflammation
  • cytokine


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