HIVAN1, HIVAN2, and HIVAN3 are nephropathy-susceptibility loci previously identified in the HIV-1 transgenic mouse, a model of collapsing glomerulopathy. The HIVAN1 and HIVAN2 loci modulate expression of Nphs2, which encodes podocin and several other podocyte-expressed genes. To identify additional loci predisposing to nephropathy, we performed a genome-wide scan in 165 backcross mice generated between the nephropathy-sensitive HIV-1-transgenic FVB/NJ (TgFVB) strain and the resistant Balb/cJ (BALB) strain. We identified a major susceptibility locus (HIVAN4) on chromosome 6 G3-F3, with BALB alleles conferring a twofold reduction in severity (peak LOD score = 4.0). Similar to HIVAN1 and HIVAN2, HIVAN4 modulated expression of Nphs2, indicating a common pathway underlying these loci. We independently confirmed the HIVAN4 locus in a sister TgFVB colony that experienced a dramatic loss of nephropathy subsequent to a breeding bottleneck. In this low-penetrance line, 3% of the genome was admixed with BALB alleles, suggesting a remote contamination event. The admixture localized to discrete segments on chromosome 2 and at the HIVAN4 locus. HIVAN4 candidate genes include killer lectin-like receptor genes as well as A2m and Ptpro, whose gene products are enriched in the glomerulus and interact with HIV-1 proteins. In summary, these data identify HIVAN4 as a major quantitative trait locus for nephropathy and a transregulator of Nphs2. Furthermore, similar selective breeding strategies may help identify further susceptibility loci.
|Number of pages
|Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN
|Published - Aug 2011