Identification of novel biomarkers for Niemann-Pick disease using gene expression analysis of acid sphingomyelinase knockout mice

Rajwinder Dhami, Marco A. Passini, Edward H. Schuchman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although several therapies are available or being developed for lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs), assessment of therapeutic efficacy is challenged by the lack of markers to assess disease progression and severity. This is particularly true for rare diseases such as LSDs, since natural history data from human populations are often lacking. Herein we describe the use of gene expression analysis in the acid sphingomyelinase-deficient mouse model (ASMKO) of Types A and B Niemann-Pick disease (NPD) to identify novel serum biomarkers. We used microarray and real-time PCR analyses to compare mRNA expression in ASMKO and normal mice in two important sites of pathology, lung and brain, and from these data identified and validated several potential biomarkers. The cytokine MIP-1α was markedly elevated in ASMKO mouse serum, and following enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) it was reduced to normal levels. Total iron levels were similarly elevated in ASMKO mice, reflective of the elevated ferritin light chain transcript, and decreased to normal after ERT. Serum growth hormone levels were also elevated in ASMKO mice and were reduced to normal after brain-directed gene therapy, but not ERT. These studies illustrate the value of gene expression analysis for the identification of biomarkers, and provide new insight into the pathobiology of NPD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)556-564
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular Therapy
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2006

Keywords

  • Acid sphingomyelinase
  • Biomarkers
  • Lysosomal storage disorder
  • Microarray
  • Therapy

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