Identification of genes and pathways regulated by lamin a in heart

Jordi Coste Pradas, Gaelle Auguste, Scot J. Matkovich, Raffaella Lombardi, Suet Nee Chen, Tyrone Garnett, Kyle Chamberlain, Jalish Mahmud Riyad, Thomas Weber, Sanjay K. Singh, Matthew J. Robertson, Cristian Coarfa, Ali J. Marian, Priyatansh Gurha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Mutations in the LMNA gene, encoding LMNA (lamin A/C), causes distinct disorders, including dilated cardiomyopathies, collectively referred to as laminopathies. The genes (coding and noncoding) and regulatory pathways controlled by LMNA in the heart are not completely defined. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed cardiac transcriptome from wild-type, loss-of-function (Lmna−/−), and gain-of-function (Lmna−/− injected with adeno-associated virus serotype 9 expressing LMNA) mice with normal cardiac function. Deletion of Lmna (Lmna−/−) led to differential expression of 2193 coding and 629 long noncoding RNA genes in the heart (q<0.05). Reexpression of LMNA in the Lmna−/− mouse heart, completely rescued 501 coding and 208 non-coding and partially rescued 1862 coding and 607 lncRNA genes. Pathway analysis of differentially expressed genes predicted activation of transcriptional regulators lysine-specific demethylase 5A, lysine-specific demethylase 5B, tumor protein 53, and suppression of ret-inoblastoma 1, paired-like homeodomain 2, and melanocyte-inducing transcription factor, which were completely or partially rescued upon reexpression of LMNA. Furthermore, lysine-specific demethylase 5A and 5B protein levels were increased in the Lmna−/− hearts and were partially rescued upon LMNA reexpression. Analysis of biological function for rescued genes identified activation of tumor necrosis factor-α, epithelial to mesenchymal transition, and suppression of the oxidative phosphorylation pathway upon Lmna deletion and their restoration upon LMNA reintroduction in the heart. Restoration of the gene expression and transcriptional regulators in the heart was associated with improved cardiac function and increased survival of the Lmna−/− mice. CONCLUSIONS: The findings identify LMNA-regulated cardiac genes and their upstream transcriptional regulators in the heart and implicate lysine-specific demethylase 5A and B as epigenetic regulators of a subset of the dysregulated genes in laminopathies.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere015690
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Volume9
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - 16 Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Cardiomyopathies
  • KDM5
  • LMNA
  • Laminopathies

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