Identification of a secondary sperm receptor in the mouse egg zona pellucida: Role in maintenance of binding of acrosome-reacted sperm to eggs

Jeffrey D. Bleil, Jeffrey M. Greve, Paul M. Wassarman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

301 Scopus citations

Abstract

During fertilization in mice, acrosome-intact sperm bind via plasma membrane overlying their head to a glycoprotein, called ZP3, present in the egg extracellular coat or zona pellucida. Bound sperm then undergo the acrosome reaction, which results in exposure of inner acrosomal membrane, penetrate through the zona pellucida, and fuse with egg plasma membrane. Thus, in the normal course of events, acrosome-reacted sperm must remain bound to eggs, despite loss of plasma membrane from the anterior region of the head and exposure of inner acrosomal membrane. Here, we examined maintenance of binding of sperm to the zona pellucida following the acrosome reaction. We found that polycolonal antisera and monoclonal antibodies directed against ZP2, another zona pellucida glycoprotein, did not affect initial binding of sperm to eggs, but inhibited maintenance of binding of sperm that had undergone the acrosome reaction on the zona pellucida. On the other hand, polyclonal antisera and monoclonal antibodies directed against ZP3 did not affect either initial binding of acrosome-intact sperm to eggs or maintenance of binding following the acrosome reaction. We also found that soybean trypsin inhibitor, a protein reported to prevent binding of mouse sperm to eggs, did not affect initial binding of sperm to eggs, but, like antibodies directed against ZP2, inhibited maintenance of binding of sperm that had undergone the acrosome reaction on the zona pellucida. These and other observations suggest that ZP2 serves as a secondary receptor for sperm during the fertilization process in mice and that maintenance of binding of acrosome-reacted sperm to eggs may involve a sperm, trypsin-like proteinase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)376-385
Number of pages10
JournalDevelopmental Biology
Volume128
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1988
Externally publishedYes

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