Identification of a second Klotho interaction site in the C terminus of FGF23

Archita Agrawal, Pu Ni, Rafiou Agoro, Kenneth E. White, Richard D. DiMarchi

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13 Scopus citations


FGF23 interacts with a FGFR/KL-receptor complex to propagate cellular signaling, where its C-terminal C26 peptide is critical for engaging the co-receptor KL. We identify a distinct peptide sequence C28 residing in the FGF23 C terminus that regulates its interaction with KL. C28 can independently function as an FGF23 antagonist, and we report an optimized peptide antagonist of much enhanced potency. FGF23 can use either of the two C-terminal sites to exert biological effects, as shown by in vitro and in vivo studies. The loss of both KL-interaction sites inactivates the protein. We conclude that the C terminus of FGF23 is a bidentate ligand possessing two independent KL-interaction sites. The identification of this second KL-association site provides an additional perspective in the molecular basis of FGF23-receptor signaling and raises questions pertaining to its structural mechanism of action and the potential for biased biological signaling.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108665
JournalCell Reports
Issue number4
StatePublished - 26 Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • FGF23
  • FGF23 antagonism
  • Klotho
  • endocrine FGFs
  • phosphate metabolism


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