Identification of a novel PARP14-TFE3 gene fusion from 10-year-old FFPE tissue by RNA-seq

Weihua Huang, Michael Goldfischer, Sabina Babyeva, Yong Mao, Konstantin Volyanskyy, Nevenka Dimitrova, John T. Fallon, Minghao Zhong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations

Abstract

Xp11 (TFE3) translocation renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is officially recognized as a distinct subtype of RCC in the 2004 WHO classification. This neoplasm is characterized by several chromosomal translocations between the TFE3-involving Xp11.2 breakpoint and various fusion partners. To date, five partner genes have been identified, that is, PRCC in 1q21, PSF in 1q34, ASPL in 17q25, CLTC in 17q23, and NONO in Xq12; and three additional translocations have been reported with no partner gene being defined: t(X;3)(p11;q23), t(X;10)(p11;q23), and t(X;19)(p11;q13). Here, we report the identification of a novel TFE3 fusion partner, PARP14 in chromosome band3q21. We used RNA-seq on a 10-year-old FFPE (formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded) tissue sample, which carried t(X;3)(p11;q23) as detected in the original cytogenetic study. The fusion transcript connected the 5'-end of the first two exons of PARP14 to the 3'-end of five exons of TFE3, which was verified by reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) and Sanger sequencing. Similar to other TFE3 fusions previously reported, the predicted PARP14-TFE3 product retains the nuclear localization and DNA-binding domains of TFE3. This finding expands the list of TFE3 translocation partner genes and re-emphasizes the essential oncogenic role of TFE3 fusion proteins in this tumor. Our result also clearly demonstrated the feasibility of identifying chromosomal translocation by RNA-seq in clinical FFPE, which are easily accessible and associated with valuable clinical information.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)500-505
Number of pages6
JournalGenes Chromosomes and Cancer
Volume54
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes

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