To determine if neuregulin 1 (NRG1) is associated with schizophrenia in Asian populations, we investigated a Han Chinese population using both a family trio design and a case-control design. A total of 25 microsatellite markers and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped spanning the 1.1 Mb NRG1 gene including markers of a seven-marker haplotype at the 5′end of the gene found to be in excess in Icelandic and Scottish schizophrenia patients. The alleles of the individual markers forming the seven marker at-risk haplotype are not likely to be causative as they are not in excess in patients in the Chinese population studied here. However using unrelated patients, we find a novel haplotype (HAPChina 1), immediately upstream of the Icelandic haplotype, in excess in patients (11.9% in patients vs 4.2% in controls; P = 0.0000065, risk ratio (rr) 3.1), which was not significant when parental controls were used. Another haplotype (HAPChina 2) overlapping the Icelandic risk haplotype was found in excess in the Chinese (8.5% of patients vs 4.0% of unrelated controls; P = 0.003, rr 2.2) and was also significant using parental controls only (P = 0.0047, rr 2.1). A four-marker haplotype at the 3′ end of the NRG1 gene, HAPChina 3, was found at a frequency of 23.8% in patients and 13.7% in nontransmitted parental haplotypes (P = 0.000042, rr = 2.0) but was not significant in the case-control comparison. We conclude that different haplotypes within the boundaries of the NRG1 gene may be associated with schizophrenia in the Han Chinese.
- Glial growth factor