We used a proteomics approach to identify the binding partners of Trypanosoma brucei 14-3-3 (Tb14-3-3) which led to the identification of a novel kinase, AKB1. The binding between these two proteins was mediated by an amphipathic groove structure in Tb14- 3-3 and 1-438 amino acid sequence of AKB1. Recombinant AKB1 but not its ATP-binding-deficient mutant (DFG to NFG) possessed an auto-phosphorylation activity as well as a kinase activity towards a peptide substrate in vitro. However, the autophosphorylation was not required for the binding of AKB1 to Tb14-3-3. Interestingly, the kinase activity of AKB1 was inhibited by calcium, and the kinase was found to utilize GTP, and dATP in addition to ATP as phospho-donors. AKB1 formed homodimers through a leucine-zipper structure. Either knockdown of AKB1 or overexpression of AKB1, but not kinase-dead AKB1 mutant, deregulated cytokinesis and cell division, suggesting that kinase activity of AKB1 is crucial for its function. Furthermore, we showed that AKB1 exists in a detergent insoluble fraction. Laser confocal microscopy revealed that the majority of AKB1 is co-localized with α-tubulin. Taken together, these findings suggest that AKB1 might regulate cytokinesis and cell division by phosphorylating cytoskeleton-associated proteins.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of Biochemistry|
|State||Published - Jul 2015|
- Trypanosoma brucei