Hypnosis as an Adjunct to Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy: A Meta-Analysis

Irving Kirsch, Guy Montgomery, Guy Sapirstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

357 Scopus citations

Abstract

A meta-analysis was performed on 18 studies in which a cognitive-behavioral therapy was compared with the same therapy supplemented by hypnosis. The results indicated that the addition of hypnosis substantially enhanced treatment outcome, so that the average client receiving cognitive-behavioral hypnotherapy showed greater improvement than at least 70% of clients receiving nonhypnotic treatment. Effects seemed particularly pronounced for treatments of obesity, especially at long-term follow-up, indicating that unlike those in nonhypnotic treatment, clients to whom hypnotic inductions had been administered continued to lose weight after treatment ended. These results were particularly striking because of the few procedural differences between the hypnotic and nonhypnotic treatments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)214-220
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Volume63
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1995
Externally publishedYes

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