Hyperresponsiveness to tobacco dust extract in sensitized guinea pig trachea

E. Neil Schachter, Eugenija Zuskin, Aneal Gadgil, Nicholas Rienzi, Satindra Goswami

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2 Scopus citations


The role of pre-existing airway inflammation in the pathogenesis of occupational airway disease is poorly understood. Previously we studied an extract of tobacco dust (TDE) and determined that it causes concentration dependent contractions of nonsensitized guinea pig trachea (GPT). In the present study animals were sensitized using Ovalbumin (OA) and subsequently challenged with an aerosol of 2.5% OA on day 21. A control group of nonsensitized GPs were divided into rings in which the epithelium was retained (EPI+) or removed (EPI-). Concentration related contractions of sensitized and nonsensitized GPTs were elicited with TDE. Sensitized GPTs demonstrated a greater contractile response to TDE than did nonsensitized GPTs. In nonsensitized animals the EPI- GPTs demonstrated a lesser response to TDE than did the EPI+. Similar findings were demonstrated in sensitized GPTs with and without epithelium. When epithelium was removed, sensitized and nonsensitized GPTs behaved similarly. Moreover, sensitized GPTs without epithelium and nonsensitized with epithelium responded similarly. These findings suggest that presensitization with an unrelated antigen enhances the response to an occupational agent and that in sensitized animals at least part of the enhanced response is mediated by the epithelial layer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-71
Number of pages7
JournalPulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2004


  • Airway constriction
  • Airway epithelium
  • Airway inflammation
  • Tobacco dust
  • Tracheal smooth muscle


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