Hydrogen-bonding dynamics between adjacent blades in G-protein β-subunit regulates GIRK channel activation

Tooraj Mirshahi, Diomedes E. Logothetis, Avia Rosenhouse-Dantsker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Functionally critical domains in the βγ-subunits of the G-protein (Gβγ) do not undergo large structural rearrangements upon binding to other proteins. Here we show that a region containing Ser67 and Asp323 of Gβγ is a critical determinant of G-protein-gated inwardly rectifying K+ (GIRK) channel activation and undergoes only small structural changes upon mutation of these residues. Using an interactive experimental and computational approach, we show that mutants that form a hydrogen-bond between positions 67 and 323 do not activate a GIRK channel. We also show that in the absence of hydrogen-bonding between these positions, other factors, such as the displacement of the crucial Gγ residues Pro60 and Phe61, can impair Gβγ-mediated GIRK channel activation. Our results imply that the dynamic nature of the hydrogen-bonding pattern in the wild-type serves an important functional role that regulates GIRK channel activation by Gβγ and that subtle changes in the flexibility of critical domains could have substantial functional consequences. Our results further strengthen the notion that the dynamic regulation of multiple interactions between Gβγ and effectors provides for a complex regulatory process in cellular functions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2776-2785
Number of pages10
JournalBiophysical Journal
Issue number8
StatePublished - Apr 2006


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