Hydrogel versus bare platinum coils in patients with large or recurrent aneurysms prone to recurrence after endovascular treatment: A randomized controlled trial

J. Raymond, R. Klink, M. Chagnon, S. L. Barnwell, A. J. Evans, J. Mocco, B. H. Hoh, A. S. Turk, R. D. Turner, H. Desal, D. Fiorella, S. Bracard, A. Weill, F. Guilbert, S. Lanthier, A. J. Fox, T. E. Darsaut, P. M. White, D. Roy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Purpose: Some patients are at high risk of aneurysm recurrence after endovascular treatment: patients with large aneurysms (Patients Prone to Recurrence After Endovascular Treatment PRET-1) or with aneurysms that have previously recurred after coiling (PRET-2). We aimed to establish whether the use of hydrogel coils improved efficacy outcomes compared with bare platinum coils. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PRET was an investigator-led, pragmatic, multicenter, parallel, randomized (1:1) trial. Randomized allocation was performed separately for patients in PRET-1 and PRET-2, by using a Web-based platform ensuring concealed allocation. The primary outcome was a composite of a residual/recurrent aneurysm, adjudicated by a blinded core laboratory, or retreatment, intracranial bleeding, or mass effect during the 18-month follow-up. Secondary outcomes included adverse events, mortality, and morbidity (mRS-2). The hypothesis was that hydrogel would decrease the primary outcome from 50% to 30% at 18 months, necessitating 125 patients per group (500 for PRET-1 and PRET-2). RESULTS: The trial was stopped once 250 patients in PRET-1 and 197 in PRET-2 had been recruited because of slow accrual. A poor primary outcome occurred in 44.4% (95% CI, 35.5%-53.2%) of those in PRET-1 allocated to platinum compared with 52.5% (95% CI, 43.4%-61.6%) of patients allocated to hydrogel (OR, 1.387; 95% CI, 0.838-2.295; P-.20) and in 49.0% (95% CI, 38.8%-59.1%) in PRET-2 allocated to platinum compared with 42.1% (95% CI, 32.0%-52.2%) allocated to hydrogel (OR, 0.959; 95% CI, 0.428-1.342; P-.34). Adverse events and morbidity were similar. There were 3.6% deaths (1.4% platinum, 5.9% hydrogel; P-.011). CONCLUSIONS: Coiling of large and recurrent aneurysms is safe but often poorly effective according to angiographic results. Hydrogel coiling was not shown to be better than platinum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)432-441
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2017
Externally publishedYes

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