Hybrid feature extraction for detection of degree of motor fluctuation severity in parkinson's disease patients

Murtadha D. Hssayeni, Joohi Jimenez-Shahed, Behnaz Ghoraani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The success of medication adjustment in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with motor fluctuation relies on the knowledge about their fluctuation severity. However, because of the temporal and spatial variability in motor fluctuations, a single clinical examination often fails to capture the spectrum of motor impairment experienced in routine daily life. In this study, we developed an algorithm to estimate the degree of motor fluctuation severity from two wearable sensors' data during subjects' free body movements. Specifically, we developed a new hybrid feature extraction method to represent the longitudinal changes of motor function from the sensor data. Next, we developed a classification model based on random forest to learn the changes in the patterns of the sensor data as the severity of the motor function changes. We evaluated our algorithm using data from 24 subjects with idiopathic PD as they performed a variety of daily routine activities. A leave-one-subject-out assessment of the algorithm resulted in 83.33% accuracy, indicating that our approach holds a great promise to passively detect degree of motor fluctuation severity from continuous monitoring of an individual's free body movements. Such a sensor-based assessment system and algorithm combination could provide the objective and comprehensive information about the fluctuation severity that can be used by the treating physician to effectively adjust therapy for PD patients with troublesome motor fluctuation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number137
JournalEntropy
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hybrid feature extraction
  • Machine learning
  • Motor fluctuation
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Random forest decision trees
  • Self-organizing tree map
  • Wearable sensors

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