Hybrid coronary revascularization for the treatment of left main coronary stenosis: A feasibility study

S. Tanveer Rab, John S. Douglas, Ellen Lyons, John D. Puskas, Darpan Bansal, Michael E. Halkos, Robert A. Guyton, Thomas A. Vassiliades

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20 Scopus citations


Objective: To determine the feasibility of a hybrid coronary revascularization (HCR) approach for the treatment of left main (LM) coronary artery stenosis. Background: The recommended therapy for significant LM stenosis is coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of unprotected LM lesions is reserved for patients at high risk for complications with CABG. HCR in LM disease has not been studied. Methods: Twenty-two consecutive patients with LM stenosis >70% underwent staged HCR. Following a robotic or thoracoscopic-assisted minimally invasive left internal mammary artery (LIMA) to left anterior descending artery (LAD) coronary bypass, PCI of the LM, and non-LAD targets was performed after angiographic confirmation of LIMA patency. Intravascular ultrasound confirmed optimal stent deployment. Thirty-day adverse outcomes and long term follow up was obtained. Results: In the 22 patients with LM lesions, 6 were ostial, 5 mid, and 11 distal. LIMA patency was FitzGibbon A in all cases. LM stenting was successful in all patients with drug-eluting stents (DES) placed in 21 of 22 cases. Three patients underwent stent implantation in the right coronary artery. There were no 30-day major adverse cardiac or cerebrovascular events. At a mean of 38.8 ± 22 months postprocedure, 21 patients were alive without reintervention; one death occurred at 454 days. Conclusions: HCR for LM coronary disease is a feasible alternative to CABG and unprotected LM PCI. This approach combines the long-term durability of a LIMA-LAD bypass with the less invasive option of PCI in non-LAD targets with DES. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)238-244
Number of pages7
JournalCatheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • CAD
  • hybrid revascularization
  • left main


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