We report a novel histological finding in a dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) after treatment with imatinib mesylate: copious amounts of hyalinized collagen. A 57-year-old female was referred for evaluation and treatment of a 7 × 8 × 10 cm tumor on the right anterior shoulder. Histological evaluation of the incisional biopsy showed a highly cellular dermal neoplasm composed of spindle cells arranged in a storiform pattern with minimal collagen. A CD34 immunohistochemical stain was strongly positive, highlighting atypical spindle cells in the dermis. A diagnosis of DFSP was made and the patient was enrolled in the Southwest Oncology Group trial. She received imatinib mesylate 400 mg per day for 1 year. At the end of therapy, the DFSP decreased in size to 5.5 × 4 × 4 cm. The tumor was excised. Histological evaluation showed a residual dermal neoplasm composed of atypical spindle cells and a copious amount of hyalinized collagen. Areas of necrosis were not seen. A CD34 stain confirmed the presence of residual DFSP, highlighting atypical spindle cells. A procollagen I stain was strongly positive, confirming the presence of abundant collagen in the dermis. A similar finding has been reported in gastrointestinal stromal tumor, which shows deposition of myxohyaline stroma after treatment with imatinib mesylate.