Human TTRV30M localization within podocytes in a transgenic mouse model of transthyretin related amyloidosis: Does the environment play a role?

Ioannis Petrakis, Vasiliki Mavroeidi, Kostas Stylianou, George Efthymiou, Kostas Perakis, Eleftheria Vardaki, Spyridon Stratigis, Kostas Giannakakis, Kostas Kourouniotis, George Amoiridis, Andreas Plaitakis, Maria Joao Saraiva, Ken Ichi Yamamura, Eugene Daphnis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Transthyretin related amyloidosis is a nosological entity that leads to disability, diminished quality of life, all stages of chronic kidney disease and eventually death. Podocytes are polarized, highly differentiated epithelial cells important for proper nephron function. In the present study we investigated whether deposited TTRVal30Met (TTRV30M) molecules could be localized within podocytes in situ under the effect of different housing conditions (i. e. specific pathogen free [SPF] vs. non-SPF). Murine renal glomeruli from human TTRV30M (hTTRV30M) transgenic mice were examined via direct and indirect immunofluorescence techniques for the presence of hTTRV30M, murine serum amyloid P, activated caspase-3 and NPHS1. Association strength and amount of colocalization for NPHS1-hTTRV30M, NPHS1-activated caspase-3, hTTRV30M-murine serum amyloid P were estimated. Localization of hTTRV30M in podocytes was demonstrated by immuno-electron microscopy. Renal hTTRV30M gene and NPHS1 gene expression levels were estimated. Non-SPF transgenic mice showed increased glomerular hTTRV30M deposition compared to their SPF counterparts. Furthermore increased podocytic localization of hTTRV30M was noticed in non-SPF mice. Glomerular caspase-3 activation was increased only in the non SPF housing conditions. Podocytic caspase-3 activation was increased in SPF and in non-SPF transgenic mice when compared to non transgenic controls. Environmental conditions influence glomerular deposition and podocytic localization of hTTRV30M. In this context increased caspase-3 activation occurred.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-116
Number of pages16
JournalTransgenic Research
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Amyloidosis
  • Environment
  • Immunoelectron microscopy
  • Podocytes
  • Transthyretin

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