Human prostaglandin transporter gene (hPGT) is regulated by fluid mechanical stimuli in cultured endothelial cells and expressed in vascular endothelium in vivo

James N. Topper, Jiexing Cai, George Stavrakis, Keith R. Anderson, Elizabeth A. Woolf, Barbara A. Sampson, Frederick J. Schoen, Dean Falb, Michael A. Gimbrone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background-Biomechanical forces generated by blood flow within the cardiovascular system have been proposed as important modulators of regional endothelial phenotype and function. This process is thought to involve the regulation of vascular gene expression by physiological fluid mechanical stimuli such as fluid shear stresses. Methods and Results-We demonstrate sustained upregulation of a recently identified gene encoding a human prostaglandin transporter (hPGT) in cultured human vascular endothelium exposed to a physiological fluid mechanical stimulus in vitro. This biomechanical induction is selective in that steady laminar shear stress is sufficient to upregulate the hPGT gene at the level of transcriptional activation, whereas a comparable level of turbulent shear stress (a nonphysiological stimulus) is not. Various biochemical stimuli, such as bacterial endotoxin and the inflammatory cytokines recombinant human interleukin 1β cytokines (rhIL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), did not significantly induce hPGT. Using a specific antiserum to hPGT, we demonstrate endothelial expression within the arterial vasculature and the microcirculation of highly vascularized tissues such as the heart. Conclusions-Our results identify hPGT as an inducible gene in vascular endothelium and suggest that biomechanical stimuli generated by blood flow in vivo maybe important determinants of hPGT expression. Furthermore, this demonstration of regulated endothelial expression of hPGT implicates this molecule in the regional metabolism of prostanoids within the cardiovascular system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2396-2403
Number of pages8
JournalCirculation
Volume98
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular system
  • Carrier proteins
  • Endothelium
  • Gene expression
  • Prostaglandins
  • Stress

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