Human mammary tumor virus (HMTV) in endometrial carcinoma

Liane Deligdisch, Tania Marin, Anna T. Lee, Polly Etkind, James F. Holland, Stella Melana, Beatriz G.T. Pogo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Objective: Human mammary tumor virus (HMTV) is 90% to 98% homologous to mouse mammary tumor virus, the etiological agent of mammary tumors in mice. Human mammary tumor virus sequences were found in 40% of the breast cancers studied in both American and Australian women. In addition, 10% of endometrial carcinomas studied in Australian women also contained HMTV sequences.We have explored the possibility that endometrial cancer of American women may also contain HMTV. Methods/Materials: Nested polymerase chain reactions, radioactive internal probing, and sequencing were used to establish the presence of unique nucleotide sequences of HMTVin human genomic DNA. The genomic DNAs were tested to guarantee that they were free of murine DNA. Immunohistochemistry with a monoclonal antibody specific for HMTV envelope protein demonstrated that HMTV sequences were translated. Results: Thirteen (23.2%) of 56 of the endometrial cancers studied contained HMTV sequences and proteins. Human mammary tumor virus sequences and protein were not detected in the 33 normal endometria studied. Conclusion: Human mammary tumor virus, an agent with high homology to mouse mammary tumor virus, was found in 23.2% of the endometrial cancers studied, thus opening the possibility of a pathogenic role.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1423-1428
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2013


  • Cancer
  • Endometrial carcinoma
  • HMTV
  • Retrovirus
  • Virus


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