Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Associated Nephropathy: A Primary Care Perspective

Toyin Olatinwo, Ross G. Hewitt, Rocco C. Venuto

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy represents a significant advance in medical care for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected persons. However, not everyone has derived the expected benefits of antiretroviral therapy and HIV-associated diseases such as nephropathy still occur in at-risk populations. Currently, there are no recommendations for screening HIV-positive patients for HIV-associated nephropathy. We propose semiannual screening for proteinuria in HIV-positive African Americans and patients with a family history of renal disease, and provide an algorithm for evaluation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)333-336
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Internal Medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - 9 Feb 2004
Externally publishedYes


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