Human Cdc5, a regulator of mitotic entry, can act as a site-specific DNA binding protein

X. H. Lei, X. Shen, X. Q. Xu, H. S. Bernstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


G2/M progression requires coordinated expression of many gene products, but little is known about the transcriptional regulators involved. We recently identified human Cdc5, a positive regulator of G2/M in mammalian cells. We also demonstrated the presence of a latent activation domain in its carboxyl terminus, suggesting that human Cdc5 regulates G2/M through transcriptional activation. Despite the presence of a DNA binding domain, studies by others have failed to identify a preferential binding site for Cdc5 family members. In addition, Cdc5 recently has been associated with the splicesome in several organisms, suggesting that it may not act through DNA binding. We now report the identification of a 12 bp sequence to which human Cdc5 binds specifically and with high affinity through its amino terminus. We show that this DNA-protein interaction is capable of activating transcription. We also used a selection system in yeast to identify human genomic fragments that interact with human Cdc5. Several of these contained sequences similar to the binding site. We demonstrate that these bind human Cdc5 with similar specificity and affinity. These experiments provide the first evidence that Cdc5 family members can act as site-specific DNA binding proteins, and that human Cdc5 may interact with specific, low abundance sequences in the human genome. This raises the possibility that Cdc5 proteins may participate in more than one process necessary for regulated cell division.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4523-4531
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cell Science
Issue number24
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Cdc5
  • Cell cycle
  • DNA binding
  • Mitotic entry


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