The development of innovative single-cell technologies has allowed the high-dimensional transcriptomic and proteomic profiling of individual blood and tissue cells. Recent single-cell studies revealed a new cellular heterogeneity of atherosclerotic plaque tissue and allowed a better understanding of distinct immune functional states in the context of atherosclerosis. In this brief review, we describe how single-cell technologies have shed a new light on the cellular composition of atherosclerotic plaques, and their response to diet perturbations or genetic manipulation in mouse models of atherosclerosis. We discuss how single-cell RNA sequencing, cellular indexing of transcriptomes and epitopes by sequencing, transposase-accessible chromatin with high-throughput sequencing, and cytometry by time-of-flight platforms have empowered the identification of discrete immune, endothelial, and smooth muscle cell alterations in atherosclerosis progression and regression. Finally, we review how single-cell approaches have allowed mapping the cellular and molecular composition of human atherosclerotic plaques and the discovery of new immune alterations in plaques from patients with stroke.
|Number of pages
|Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
|Published - 1 Mar 2022
- cardiovascular disease