How Effective is the Use of Molecular Testing in Preoperative Decision Making for Management of Indeterminate Thyroid Nodules?

David Steinmetz, Mary Kim, Jee Hye Choi, Tamanie Yeager, Krupa Samuel, Nazanin Khajoueinejad, Alison Buseck, Sayed Imtiaz, Gustavo Fernandez-Ranvier, Denise Lee, Randall Owen, Aida Taye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Introduction: We performed Thyroseq v2 molecular testing on indeterminate thyroid nodules and evaluated whether they underwent a management change from the standard of thyroid lobectomy. Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of all indeterminate thyroid nodules that underwent Thyroseq v2 molecular testing from 2014 to 2019 at a large academic center. Pathology was reviewed by thyroid cytopathologists. Thyroseq results were reported benign (malignancy probability less than 10%) or suspicious (malignancy probability greater than 30%). The primary endpoint was a management change from a diagnostic lobectomy. Results: A total of 142 nodules were included: 113 (80%) Bethesda III and 29 (20%) Bethesda IV. Seventy-three nodules underwent surgical management and 69 did not. We noted a change in management in 64% (91/142) of nodules. Patients who underwent a change in management to no surgery had a significantly higher rate of benign Thyroseq result than those without a change (75.8% vs. 49.0%, p = 0.001). On logistic regression analysis, a benign Thyroseq result was a positive independent predictor of a change to no surgery (OR 3.87, 95% CI 1.69–8.89). Nodule size, multiple nodules, compressive symptoms, and history of hypothyroidism were not significant. Of the 91 patients who underwent a management change, 71% (65/91) did not undergo surgery. On follow-up (average 985 ± 615 days), 12% (8/65) of those nodules were growing or developed suspicious features requiring surgery. Conclusions: Molecular testing helped avoid surgery in almost half our population with indeterminate thyroid nodules, and benign results may help avoid surgery in asymptomatic patients with indeterminate thyroid nodules.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3043-3050
Number of pages8
JournalWorld Journal of Surgery
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2022


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