Host genetic effects in pneumonia

Hung Hsin Chen, Douglas M. Shaw, Lauren E. Petty, Misa Graff, Ryan J. Bohlender, Hannah G. Polikowsky, Xue Zhong, Daeeun Kim, Victoria L. Buchanan, Michael H. Preuss, Megan M. Shuey, Ruth J.F. Loos, Chad D. Huff, Nancy J. Cox, Julie A. Bastarache, Lisa Bastarache, Kari E. North, Jennifer E. Below

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Given the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, investigations into host susceptibility to infectious diseases and downstream sequelae have never been more relevant. Pneumonia is a lung disease that can cause respiratory failure and hypoxia and is a common complication of infectious diseases, including COVID-19. Few genome-wide association studies (GWASs) of host susceptibility and severity of pneumonia have been conducted. We performed GWASs of pneumonia susceptibility and severity in the Vanderbilt University biobank (BioVU) with linked electronic health records (EHRs), including Illumina Expanded Multi-Ethnic Global Array (MEGAEX)-genotyped European ancestry (EA, n= 69,819) and African ancestry (AA, n = 15,603) individuals. Two regions of large effect were identified: the CFTR locus in EA (rs113827944; OR = 1.84, p value = 1.2 × 10−36) and HBB in AA (rs334 [p.Glu7Val]; OR = 1.63, p value = 3.5 × 10−13). Mutations in these genes cause cystic fibrosis (CF) and sickle cell disease (SCD), respectively. After removing individuals diagnosed with CF and SCD, we assessed heterozygosity effects at our lead variants. Further GWASs after removing individuals with CF uncovered an additional association in R3HCC1L (rs10786398; OR = 1.22, p value = 3.5 × 10−8), which was replicated in two independent datasets: UK Biobank (n = 459,741) and 7,985 non-overlapping BioVU subjects, who are genotyped on arrays other than MEGAEX. This variant was also validated in GWASs of COVID-19 hospitalization and lung function. Our results highlight the importance of the host genome in infectious disease susceptibility and severity and offer crucial insight into genetic effects that could potentially influence severity of COVID-19 sequelae.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-201
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Human Genetics
Volume108
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 7 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • GWAS
  • biobank
  • electronic health record
  • host genetic effect
  • pneumonia

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