Hormonal and Surgical Treatment Options for Transgender Men (Female-to-Male)

Ryan Nicholas Gorton, Laura Erickson-Schroth

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Untreated transgender men face serious negative health care outcomes. Effective medical, surgical, and mental health treatment ameliorates these risks. Although the research is not as robust as would be ideal, hormone treatment is effective and generally well tolerated with few serious medical risks. Surgeries carry serious risks; but for most transgender men, the benefits outweigh the risks. This review describes current evidence-based medical treatments for transgender men and provides an overview of surgical therapy to enable practitioners to discuss these options with their transgender male patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-97
Number of pages19
JournalPsychiatric Clinics of North America
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Gender affirmation
  • Hormone replacement
  • Sex reassignment surgery
  • Transgender


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