The homebound population relies on both paid and family caregivers to meet their complex care needs. In order to examine the association between intensity of caregiving support and leaving the home, we identified a population of community-dwelling, homebound Medicare beneficiaries age ≥65 (n = 1,852) enrolled in the 2015 National Health and Aging Trends Study and measured the support they received from paid and family caregivers. Those who had ≥20 h of caregiving support per week had 50% less odds of being “exclusively homebound” (rarely or never leave home) (OR 0.56, p <.01). Policies that facilitate increased support for family caregivers and better access to paid caregivers may allow homebound individuals who would otherwise be isolated at home to utilize existing community-based long-term care services and supports.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)590-603
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Aging and Social Policy
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2020


  • Homebound
  • family caregiving
  • home and community-based services
  • long-term care
  • paid caregiving


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