Home-based primary care: A systematic review of the literature, 2010–2020

Robert M. Zimbroff, Katherine A. Ornstein, Orla C. Sheehan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Background: Although more than seven million older adults struggle or are unable to leave their homes independently, only a small minority access home-based primary care (HBPC). Despite substantial growth of HBPC, fueled by growing evidence supporting positive patient outcomes and cost savings, the population remains dramatically underserved and many evidence gaps still exist around scope of practice and key issues in care delivery and quality. Understanding the current state of the field is critical to the delivery of high-quality home-based care. Methods: We conducted a systematic search of the peer-reviewed literature on HBPC, published between January 2010 and January 2020, using Medline, CINAHL, Embase, Web of Science, and Scopus online libraries. All studies were evaluated by two members of the research team, and key findings were extracted. Results: The initial search yielded 1730 unique studies for screening. Of these initial results, 1322 were deemed not relevant to this review. Of the 408 studies deemed potentially relevant, 79 were included in the study. Researchers identified five overarching themes: the provision of HBPC, the composition of care teams, HBPC outcomes, the role of telehealth, and emergency preparedness efforts. Conclusion: The need and desire for growth of HBPC has been highlighted by the recent COVID-19 pandemic. Current research on HBPC finds a diverse scope of practice, successful use of interdisciplinary teams, positive outcomes, and increasing interest in telehealth with many areas ripe for further research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2963-2972
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2021


  • emergency preparedness
  • home-based primary care
  • systematic review
  • telehealth


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