HIV seroprevalence surveys of childbearing women - Objectives, methods, and uses of the data

M. Pappaioanou, J. R. George, W. H. Hannon, M. Gwinn, T. J. Dondero, G. F. Grady, R. Hoff, A. D. Willoughby, A. Wright, A. C. Novello, J. W. Curran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

A seroprevalence survey of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among childbearing women is being conducted in 43 States and Territories as one of the family of HIV seroprevalence surveys. This blinded survey, in which serologic test results are not linked to identifiable persons, uses neonatal dried blood specimens on filter paper to test for maternal antibodies to HIV. This survey provides relatively unbiased estimates of prevalence of HIV infection in the population of women delivering live children during given survey periods, by month or quarter of delivery, geographic area, and demographic subgroup. This objective will be met while protecting the integrity and efficient conduct of neonatal screening programs and ensuring patient anonymity. Information from this survey will be used to (a) assess the levels and trends of HIV infection in women and infants, (b) help develop and evaluate prevention programs, and (c) project the number of women and children who will develop HIV infection and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and will require health care and social services in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-152
Number of pages6
JournalPublic Health Reports
Volume105
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

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