Hiv and aging: Overcoming challenges in existing hiv guidelines to provide patient-centered care for older people with HIV

Aroonsiri Sangarlangkarn, Yuji Yamada, Fred C. Ko

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

With advances in antiretroviral therapy and subsequent increase in life expectancy, People with HIV (PWH) now experience multiple geriatric syndromes in the setting of advanced aging and increased multimorbidity. HIV clinicians bear the responsibility of delivering geriatric care to this vulnerable population, despite limited geriatric medicine training and limited support from HIV service networks that were not traditionally designed to care for an aging population. Although HIV clinicians reported formal guidelines specific to older PWH to be among the most helpful interventions, current HIV guidelines present multiple issues in their applicability to the care of older PWH, including multifactorial nature of conditions in older adults, difficulty measuring patient-centered outcomes, lack of representation of older PWH in clinical trials, limited guidelines addressing geriatric syndromes, and the use of chronological age as criteria for inclusion despite advanced aging in PWH. Understanding that updated guidelines addressing above challenges may take many years to develop, we offer strategies on the application of current guidelines, including using baseline attributes, time to benefit, and the Geriatrics 5M model to aid in shared decision making and improve outcomes among older PWH.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1332
JournalPathogens
Volume10
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Cognition
  • Frailty
  • Function
  • Geriatrics
  • Guidelines
  • HIV

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