Disseminated histoplasmosis is frequent in patients with HIV infection from endemic zones of Africa and South America. It is unfrequent in Europe. Four cases diagnosed as disseminated histoplasmosis among a total of 1.100 AIDS cases reported from 1984 to 1994 were reviewed. Four males with a mean age of 40 years were reviewed. Two were from Argentina, one from Gambia with HIV-2 infection and the remaining case was a Spanish man who had made numerous travels to endemic zones. Prolonged fever without an apparent focci in the previous weeks was the clinical manifestation at the onset in all the cases. Diagnosis was performed by bone marrow aspirate (1 case), histologic study of the cutaneous lesions (1 case) and on autopsy with the diagnosis not being suspected during life (2 cases). Tracheal ulcers and hyperferritinemia are the main peculiarities of the two cases presented. Antifungal treatment with amphotericin B and secondary prophylaxis with itraconazole were effective in one of the cases. It is important to take histoplasmosis into account in the differential diagnosis of prolonged fever in patients with HIV infection from endemic zones.
|Translated title of the contribution||Disseminated histoplasmosis and AIDS: Four cases|
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - 1996|