Background: Simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation (SPK) in the setting of end-stage renal disease offers unmatched outcomes in insulin dependent diabetic patients. Donor pool expansion through the transplantation of kidneys with acute kidney injury (AKI) is controversial. Methods: 59 SPK transplants were classified by presence of donor AKI, defined as donor terminal creatinine ≥ 1.5x the initial creatinine or donor terminal creatinine > 4.0 mg/dL. Endpoints included graft and patient survival, delayed graft function (DGF), serum creatinine, glomerular filtration rate (GFR), Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and acute rejection. Results: The donor AKI group (n = 35) had significantly higher rates of DGF (38 v. 9%, p = 0.01). There was no difference in creatinine or GFR at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months. HbA1c was comparable at 3, 6 and 12 months. There was no significant difference in the percentage of patients that required anti-diabetic agents after transplant (14 v. 4%, p = 0.56). Conclusions: We observed increased rates of DGF in SPK recipients with donor AKI. However, equivalent outcomes of pancreas and kidney function in both groups were observed.
- Delayed graft function
- Donor acute kidney injury
- Graft function
- Simultaneous pancreas kidney transplantation