High resolution mechanical function in the intact porcine heart: Mechanical effects of pacemaker location

Evren U. Azeloglu, Yang H. Yun, Adam E. Saltman, Irvin B. Krukenkamp, Fu Pen Chiang, Weiliam Chen, Glenn R. Gaudette

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


The necessity to quantify the mechanical function with high spatial resolution stemmed from the advancement of myocardial salvaging techniques. Since these therapies are localized interventions, a whole field technique with high spatial resolution was needed to differentiate the normal, diseased, and treated myocardium. We developed a phase correlation algorithm for measuring myocardial displacement at high spatial resolution and to determine the regional mechanical function in the intact heart. Porcine hearts were exposed and high contrast microparticles were placed on the myocardium. A pressure transducer, inserted into the left ventricle, synchronized the pressure (LVP) with image acquisition using a charge-coupled device camera. The deformation of the myocardium was measured with a resolution of 0.58±0.04 mm. Within the region of interest (ROI), regional stroke work (RSW), defined as the integral of LVP with respect to regional area, was determined on average at 21 locations with a resolution of 27.1±2.7 mm2. To alter regional mechanical function, the heart was paced at three different locations around the ROI. Independent of the pacemaker location, RSW decreased in the ROI. In addition, a gradient of increasing RSW in the outward direction radiating from the pacemaker was observed in all pacing protocols. These data demonstrated the ability to determine regional whole field mechanical function with high spatial resolution, and the significant alterations induced by electrical pacing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)717-725
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Conduction
  • Mapping
  • Ventricular function


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