High Myopia Prevalence across Racial Groups in the United States: A Systematic Scoping Review

Bryana Banashefski, Michelle K. Rhee, Gareth M.C. Lema

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

High myopia is a significant public health issue globally and in the United States (US), where it affects ~4% of the population or 13 million people. This is a potentially blinding condition, but complications can be prevented with early intervention in childhood. Several countries have developed robust data on high myopia, but the United States' data on high myopia remains lacking. Further, underrepresented populations are at particular risk of complications due to reduced access to optometric and ophthalmic care. We performed a systematic scoping review of population-based studies that investigated the prevalence of high myopia across racial and ethnic groups in the US to identify the impact of high myopia on underrepresented communities. Only four studies were identified that met inclusion criteria, which highlights the need to further investigate the topic in the United States. The prevalence of high myopia ranged from a low of 1.8% among Hispanic populations to a high of 11.8% among Chinese populations. Our study demonstrated a paucity of high myopia data in the United States and variable rates of high myopia depending on the time and location of each study. More complete prevalence data will help identify opportunities for community-based interventions to prevent debilitating and blinding complications of high myopia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3045
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume12
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2023

Keywords

  • high myopia
  • scoping review
  • underrepresented
  • visual impairment

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