Background. Regional control for advanced nodal disease has been only marginally affected by concurrent chemoradiation, hyperfractionation, concomitant boost, or accelerated external radiation. Methods. Twenty-five necks in 24 patients received brachy-therapy treatment (20 Gy in 10 twice-daily fractions) in addition to external radiation, neck dissection ± chemotherapy. Indications for brachytherapy included initial treatment of bulky disease (n = 12), recurrence of neck disease in a previously treated patient with at least a 3-month disease-free interval (n = 6), persistent disease after a curative efforts (n = 4), inadequate external radiation (ie, <40 Gy) due to either intolerance or noncompliance (n = 3). Results. Overall actuarial regional control was 67% at 2 years. Regional control for those receiving brachytherapy as part of their initial treatment was 82% despite a mean nodal diameter of 8.7 cm (range, 5-15 cm). The 2-year actuarial regional control was 56% for the patients with a disease-free interval of at least 3 years. Conclusion. High-dose-rate brachytherapy produced excellent regional control.
- Neck disease
- Neck dissection-regional control