High-dimensional profiling of regulatory T cells in psoriasis reveals an impaired skin-trafficking property

Brian Hyohyoung Lee, Yoon Ji Bang, Sung Ha Lim, Seong Jun Kang, Sung Hee Kim, Seunghee Kim-Schulze, Chung Gyu Park, Hyun Je Kim, Tae Gyun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease with a Th17-skewed immune phenotype. Although it has been generally accepted that regulatory T cells (Tregs) in lesional psoriatic skin have functional impairment due to the local inflammatory microenvironment, the molecular properties of skin-homing psoriatic Tregs have not been well explored. Methods: We designed an extensive 39 marker mass cytometry (CyTOF) panel to deeply profile the immune landscape of skin-homing Tregs from 31 people with psoriasis stratified by psoriasis area severity index score as mild (n = 15) to moderate-severe (n = 16) and 32 healthy controls. We further validated the findings with an in-vitro chemokine-mediated Treg migration assay, immunofluorescent imaging of normal and psoriatic lesional skin and analysed public single-cell RNA-sequencing datasets to expand upon our findings into the local tissue microenvironments. Findings: We discovered an overall decrease in CLAhi Tregs and specifically, CLAhiCCR5+ Tregs in psoriasis. Functional markers CD39 and FoxP3 were elevated in psoriatic Tregs. However, CCR7 expression was significantly increased while CCR4 and CLA expression was reduced in psoriatic Tregs and CLAhi Tregs, which was associated with disease severity. Moreover, psoriatic Tregs revealed increased migratory capacity towards CCR7's ligands, CCL19/CCL21. Interrogation of public single-cell RNA sequencing data confirmed reduced expression of skin-trafficking markers in lesional-skin Tregs compared to non-lesioned skin, further substantiated by immunofluorescent staining. Interpretation: Psoriatic circulating Tregs showed an impaired skin-trafficking phenotype thus leading to insufficient suppression of ongoing inflammation in the lesional skin, expanding upon our current understanding of the impairment of Treg-mediated immunosuppression in psoriasis. Funding: This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Ministry of Science and Information and Communications Technology ( 2020R1C1C1014513, 2021R1A4A5032185, 2020R1F1A1073692); and the new faculty research seed money grant of Yonsei University College of Medicine for 2021 ( 2021-32-0033).

Original languageEnglish
Article number104985
JournaleBioMedicine
Volume100
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2024

Keywords

  • Chemokine receptors
  • Mass cytometry
  • Psoriasis
  • Regulatory T cells
  • Skin-trafficking

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