Hemodynamic monitoring

D. M. Moskowitz, D. L. Reich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The choice of appropriate monitoring for patients with cardiac disease presenting for noncardiac surgery is a difficult one. The risks and benefits must be considered carefully, and many aspects of the patient's underlying disease and the planned surgery will influence the anesthesiologist's decision. This article summarizes the advantages and disadvantages of a variety of noninvasive, semi-invasive, and invasive hemodynamic monitoring techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-36
Number of pages22
JournalAnesthesiology Clinics of North America
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1997


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