Hemiarthroplasty versus reverse shoulder arthroplasty for treatment of proximal humeral fractures: A meta-analysis

Dave R. Shukla, Steven McAnany, Jun Kim, Sam Overley, Bradford O. Parsons

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

97 Scopus citations


Background: We performed a meta-analysis of studies with at least Level IV evidence to compare outcomes between hemiarthroplasty and reverse shoulder arthroplasty for the treatment of proximal humeral fractures. Methods: Three electronic databases (PubMed, Cochrane, and EMBASE) were searched. The quality of each study was investigated, and data on radiographic and functional outcomes were extracted and analyzed. Results: The analysis included 1 Level I study, 1 Level II study, 3 Level III studies, and 2 Level IV studies. Reverse shoulder arthroplasty was more favorable than hemiarthroplasty in forward elevation (P < .001), abduction (P < .001), tuberosity healing (P = .002), Constant score (P < .001), American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons score (P < .001), and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand score (P = .001). Only external rotation (P = .85) was not in favor of reverse shoulder arthroplasty. Conclusions: The available literature suggests that reverse shoulder arthroplasty performed to address complex proximal humeral fractures might result in more favorable clinical outcomes than hemiarthroplasty performed for the same indication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)330-340
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2016


  • Hemiarthroplasty
  • Meta-analysis
  • Proximal humeral fracture
  • Reverse shoulder arthroplasty


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