Heart failure and atrial fibrillation: Is atrial fibrillation ablation in heart failure pointless or mandatory?

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

A vast amount of now well-established clinical and epidemiological data indicates a close, interdependent, and symbiotic association between atrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure (HF). Both AF and HF, when co-exist in a patient, have serious treatment and prognostic implications. Based on the prevailing knowledge of the topic, various societies have issued a number of guidelines regarding the management of patients with AF and HF. Overall, it is the rhythm control strategy that has shown beneficial effect over the rate control strategy with improvement in symptoms of AF and HF. While antiarrhythmic drugs (AADs) and catheter ablation (CA) may be utilized as rhythm control strategy for AF, both AADs and CA have limitations of their own. Furthermore, with the progress made in various pharmacotherapeutic agents in HF, one could question the utility of CA in HF (i.e., whether ablation is mandatory or pointless in patients who have HF). The purpose of this review is to discuss this very point, focusing on the beneficial, neutral, or detrimental outcome of CA based on the category and class of HF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)530-537
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2024

Keywords

  • antiarrhythmic drugs
  • atrial fibrillation
  • catheter ablation
  • heart failure
  • pharmacological agents

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