Has the concept of the therapeutic alliance outlived its usefulness?

Jeremy D. Safran, J. Christopher Muran

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

189 Scopus citations


In this article, we provide a brief summary of our current thinking about the constructs of the therapeutic alliance and ruptures in the therapeutic alliance. We speculate about some of the factors that have led to sustained interest in these constructs by psychotherapy researchers and discuss some of the conceptual problems associated with them. We also consider the question of whether the therapeutic alliance continues to be a meaningful construct, and we delineate more and less promising avenues of research for the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)286-291
Number of pages6
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2006
Externally publishedYes


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