Haptoglobin genotype is a determinant of iron, lipid peroxidation, and macrophage accumulation in the atherosclerotic plaque

Andrew P. Levy, Joanne E. Levy, Shiri Kalet-Litman, Rachel Miller-Lotan, Nina S. Levy, Roy Asaf, Julia Guetta, Chingwen Yang, K. Raman Purushothaman, Valentin Fuster, Pedro R. Moreno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

134 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE - Intraplaque hemorrhage increases the risk of plaque rupture and thrombosis. The release of hemoglobin (Hb) from extravasated erythrocytes at the site of hemorrhage leads to iron deposition, which may increase oxidation and inflammation in the atherosclerotic plaque. The haptoglobin (Hp) protein is critical for protection against Hb-induced injury. Two common alleles exist at the Hp locus and the Hp 2 allele has been associated with increased risk of myocardial infarction. We have demonstrated decreased anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory activity for the Hp 2 protein. We tested the hypothesis that the Hp 2-2 genotype is associated with increased oxidative and macrophage accumulation in atherosclerotic plaques. METHODS AND RESULTS - The murine Hp gene is a type 1 Hp allele. We created a murine type 2 Hp allele and targeted its insertion to the Hp locus by homologous recombination. Atherosclerotic plaques from C57Bl/6 ApoE Hp 2-2 mice were associated with increased iron (P=0.008), lipid peroxidation (4-hydroxynonenal and ceroid) and macrophage accumulation (P=0.03) as compared with plaques from C57Bl/6 ApoE Hp 1-1 mice. CONCLUSIONS - Increased iron, lipid peroxidation and macrophage accumulation in ApoE Hp 2-2 plaques suggests that the Hp genotype plays a critical role in the oxidative and inflammatory response to intraplaque hemorrhage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-140
Number of pages7
JournalArteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2007


  • Atherosclerotic plaque
  • Hemoglobin
  • Inflammation
  • Iron
  • Macrophages


Dive into the research topics of 'Haptoglobin genotype is a determinant of iron, lipid peroxidation, and macrophage accumulation in the atherosclerotic plaque'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this