Hamiltonian description of higher order Lagrangians

M. S. Rashid, S. S. Khalil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Using Dirac's analysis of second class constraints, a Hamiltonian formulation of higher order Lagrangians is reached. The new Hamiltonian description recovers the conventional description of such systems due to Ostrogradsky, but unlike the latter, it provides a simpler structure for the phase space and consequently the underlying symplectic structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4551-4559
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Modern Physics A
Issue number25
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes


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