H19 long noncoding RNA regulates intestinal epithelial barrier function via microRNA 675 by Interacting with RNA-binding protein HuR

Tongtong Zou, Suraj K. Jaladanki, Lan Liu, Lan Xiao, Hee Kyoung Chung, Jun Yao Wang, Yan Xu, Myriam Gorospe, Jian Ying Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

96 Scopus citations

Abstract

The disruption of the intestinal epithelial barrier function occurs commonly in various pathologies, but the exact mechanisms responsible are unclear. The H19 long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) regulates the expression of different genes and has been implicated in human genetic disorders and cancer. Here, we report that H19 plays an important role in controlling the intestinal epithelial barrier function by serving as a precursor for microRNA 675 (miR-675). H19 overexpression increased the cellular abundance of miR-675, which in turn destabilized and repressed the translation of mRNAs encoding tight junction protein ZO-1 and adherens junction E-cadherin, resulting in the dysfunction of the epithelial barrier. Increasing the level of the RNA-binding protein HuR in cells overexpressing H19 prevented the stimulation of miR-675 processing from H19, promoted ZO-1 and E-cadherin expression, and restored the epithelial barrier function to a nearly normal level. In contrast, the targeted deletion of HuR in intestinal epithelial cells enhanced miR-675 production in the mucosa and delayed the recovery of the gut barrier function after exposure to mesenteric ischemia/reperfusion. These results indicate that H19 interacts with HuR and regulates the intestinal epithelial barrier function via the H19-encoded miR-675 by altering ZO-1 and E-cadherin expression posttranscriptionally.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1332-1341
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Volume36
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2016
Externally publishedYes

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