Guidance for Use and dosing of Selinexor in Multiple Myeloma in 2021: Consensus From International Myeloma Foundation Expert Roundtable

A. K. Nooka, L. J. Costa, C. J. Gasparetto, P. G. Richardson, D. S. Siegel, A. Chari, S. Lentzsch, S. Jagannath, J. Mikhael

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Selinexor is a first in class selective inhibitor of nuclear export (SINE), blocks exportin 1 (XPO1), a protein transporter, that among other actions, shuttles cargo proteins such as tumor suppressor proteins (TSPs), the glucocorticoid receptor (GR), and oncoprotein messenger RNAs (mRNAs) across the nuclear membrane to cytoplasm. By blocking XPO1, selinexor facilitates nuclear preservation and activation of TSPs, and prevents mRNA translation of the oncoproteins leading to induction of apoptosis. The therapeutic value of selinexor in combination with dexamethasone has been successfully demonstrated in treating relapsed and/or refractory myeloma (RRMM), leading to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of selinexor in combination with dexamethasone in 2019 for the treatment of adult patients with RRMM who received at least 4 prior therapies and whose disease is refractory to at least 2 proteasome inhibitors, at least 2 immunomodulatory agents, and an anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody (mAb) – a pentarefractory myeloma. More recently, selinexor in combination with bortezomib and dexamethasone was approved by the FDA in December 2020, based on the BOSTON study among RRMM patients who had received at least one prior line of therapy. With more available safety and efficacy data supporting the increased interval between dosing of selinexor (and lesser cumulative weekly dosing) and schedule, contrary to the originally approved dose of 160 mg per week, the supportive care guidelines needed to be revisited. The current manuscript summarizes the supportive care solutions with weekly dosing of selinexor and identifies the ideal potential patient for selinexor treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e526-e531
JournalClinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia
Volume22
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2022

Keywords

  • Relapsed and/or refractory myeloma
  • SINE
  • Selective inhibitor of nuclear export
  • Selinexor
  • XPO1 inhibitor

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