Gram-Negative Folliculitis

Ani L. Tajirian, Leon H. Kircik

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Gram-negative folliculitis is a complication of treatment of acne or rosaceas with long-term oral antibiotics, usually tetracyclines. It is caused by the replacement of the gram-positive flora of the mucous membranes of the nose with gram-negative bacteria, which is spread to the face. Common causative organisms include Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Serratia marcescens, Klebsiella, and Proteus mirabilis. Gram-negative folliculitis should be considered in acne patients who have a flare-up of pustular or cystic lesions while on antibiotics and in patients who have no significant improvement of acne lesions after 3–6 months of antibiotic therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAcneiform Eruptions in Dermatology
Subtitle of host publicationA Differential Diagnosis
PublisherSpringer New York
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781461483441
ISBN (Print)9781461483434
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014


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