Gout in immigrant groups: a cohort study in Sweden

Per Wändell, Axel C. Carlsson, Xinjun Li, Danijela Gasevic, Johan Ärnlöv, Martin J. Holzmann, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Our aim was to study the association between country of birth and incidence of gout in different immigrant groups in Sweden. The study population included the whole population of Sweden. Gout was defined as having at least one registered diagnosis in the National Patient Register. The association between incidence of gout and country of birth was assessed by Cox regression, with hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI), using Swedish-born individuals as referents. All models were conducted in both men and women, and the full model was adjusted for age, place of residence in Sweden, educational level, marital status, neighbourhood socio-economic status and co-morbidities. The risk of gout varied by country of origin, with highest estimates, compared to Swedish born, in fully adjusted models among men from Iraq (HR 1.82, 95% CI 1.54–2.16), and Russia (HR 1.69, 95% CI 1.26–2.27), and also high among men from Austria, Poland, Africa and Asian countries outside the Middle East; and among women from Africa (HR 2.23, 95% CI 1.50–3.31), Hungary (HR 1.98, 95% CI 1.45–2.71), Iraq (HR 1.76, 95% CI 1.13–2.74) and Austria (HR 1.70, 95% CI 1.07–2.70), and also high among women from Poland. The risk of gout was lower among men from Greece, Spain, Nordic countries (except Finland) and Latin America and among women from Southern Europe, compared to their Swedish counterparts. The increased risk of gout among several immigrant groups is likely explained by a high cardio-metabolic risk factor pattern needing attention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1091-1102
Number of pages12
JournalClinical Rheumatology
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 May 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • First-generation immigrants
  • Gender
  • Gout
  • Neighbourhood
  • Second-generation immigrants
  • Socio-economic status


Dive into the research topics of 'Gout in immigrant groups: a cohort study in Sweden'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this