Global epidemiology of HIV

Jade Fettig, Mahesh Swaminathan, Christopher S. Murrill, Jonathan E. Kaplan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

125 Scopus citations

Abstract

The number of persons living with HIV worldwide reached approximately 35.3 million in 2012. Meanwhile, AIDS-related deaths and new HIV infections have declined. Much of the increase in HIV prevalence is from rapidly increasing numbers of people on antiretroviral treatment who are now living longer. There is regional variation in epidemiologic patterns, major modes of HIV transmission, and HIV program response. It is important to focus on HIV incidence, rather than prevalence, to provide information about HIV transmission patterns and populations at risk. Expanding HIV treatment will function as a preventive measure through decreasing horizontal and vertical transmission of HIV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-337
Number of pages15
JournalInfectious Disease Clinics of North America
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antiretroviral therapy
  • Epidemiology
  • Global health
  • HIV
  • Risk behavior

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