Glaucoma screening in the Haitian Afro-Caribbean population of South Florida

Christine L. Bokman, Louis R. Pasquale, Richard K. Parrish, Richard K. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Objective: To evaluate the presence of clinical signs consistent with suspected glaucoma in Haitian Afro-Caribbean individuals residing in South Florida who do not receive regular eye examinations. Design: Retrospective, cross-sectional study. Methods: SETTING: Community health center in the Little Haiti district of Miami, Florida. PATIENT POPULATION: We reviewed medical records and screening forms from five health screenings between October 2011 to October 2013 of 939 Afro-Caribbean individuals older than 18 years, who were never diagnosed with glaucoma or had an eye examination within the last ten years. PROCEDURES: Measurements of distance visual acuity (VA), intraocular eye pressure (IOP), central corneal thickness (CCT), cup-to-disc ratio (CDR), frequency doubling technology (FDT) perimeter visual field (VF). Main Outcome Measures: Proportion of glaucoma suspects, based on IOP greater than or equal to 24 mm Hg or CDR greater than or equal to 0.7 in either eye, and determinants of CDR and IOP. Results: One hundred ninety-one (25.5%) of 750 patients were identified as glaucoma suspects. Glaucoma suspects were common in both the youngest and oldest age groups (<40 years, 20.9%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 17.9-23.9; >70 years, 25.0%; 95% CI, 21.8-28.2) and higher in men than women less than 70 years; the reverse was true after 70 years. Among all patients, mean IOP was 19.2±4.5 mmHg, mean CDR was 0.37±0.17, and mean CCT was 532±37.1 μm. In multiple linear stepwise regression analysis, determinates of increased CDR included increasing age (P=0.004), lack of insurance (P=0.019), and higher IOP (P<0.001), while increasing CDR (P<0.001) and thicker CCT (P<0.001) were associated with higher IOP. Conclusions: This first glaucoma survey in a U.S. Haitian Afro-Caribbean population indicates glaucoma suspect status is high across all age groups, and suggests glaucoma monitoring in people less than 40 years of age is indicated in this population.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere115942
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number12
StatePublished - 30 Dec 2014
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Glaucoma screening in the Haitian Afro-Caribbean population of South Florida'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this